Processing, structure, and properties of additively manufactured titanium scaffolds with gyroid-sheet architecture

TitleProcessing, structure, and properties of additively manufactured titanium scaffolds with gyroid-sheet architecture
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsCN Kelly, C Kahra, HJ Maier, and K Gall
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Volume41
Date Published05/2021
Abstract

While the relationships between processing, structure, and properties of solid titanium alloys produced by additive manufacturing have been established, these relationships are less understood for porous materials, particularly those with rough surfaces inherent to L-PBF. For orthopedics applications, porous architecture and surface roughness are desirable for bone growth, and thus optimization of fatigue life despite these inherent fatigue drivers is critical. The present results establishes relationships between post-processing, microstructure, and resulting fatigue properties for gyroid-sheet scaffolds with as-fabricated surfaces. By comparison of known factors driving fatigue behavior, the relative effect of each on normalized fatigue strength was quantified. Normalized compressive fatigue strength of the gyroid-sheet scaffolds which underwent no surface treatments was observed to be > 50%. The result is higher than that seen for tension fatigue of analogous gyroid-sheet scaffolds, or compared to previously reported normalized compressive fatigue strength of strut based scaffolds. The high strength and fatigue resistant behavior of gyroid-sheet scaffolds despite the inherent surface roughness of L-PBF is desirable for biomedical applications.

DOI10.1016/j.addma.2021.101916
Short TitleAdditive Manufacturing